The CTRF conducts research in plant breeding, agronomy, plant protection, curing and storage.

The focus of the plant breeding research is to develop tobacco varieties adapted to Canadian conditions with superior leaf quality, improved yield and resistance to major diseases and insects.

The primary objective of the agronomy research is to improve tobacco production practices. Areas of importance include soil and fertility management, crop rotation and management, and cultural practices used in greenhouse and field production.

In the area of plant protection, field research trials are conducted on the control of diseases and pests affecting tobacco production in Canada. These trials are used to gather data which are used for the registration of new disease and pest control products or to identify improved cultural procedures and practices for their control.

Research on curing and storage focuses primarily on technologies and practices that affect leaf quality.

The CTRF also assists tobacco growers with production issues on an as needed basis.